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Economic Freedom or Self-imposed Strife: Work–Life Conflict, Gender, and Self-Employment

Entrepreneurship

ISBN: 978-0-76231-191-0, eISBN: 978-1-84950-336-5

ISSN: 0277-2833

Publication date: 1 July 2005

Abstract

This paper uses a representative sample of U.S. workers to examine how self-employment may reduce work-life conflict. We find that self-employment prevents work from interfering with life (WIL), especially among women, but it heightens the tendency for life to interfere with work (LIW). We show that self-employment is connected to WIL and LIW by different causal mechanisms. The self-employed experience less WIL because they have more autonomy and control over the duration and timing of work. Working at home is the most important reason the self-employed experience more LIW than wage and salary workers.

Citation

Reynolds, J. and Renzulli, L.A. (2005), "Economic Freedom or Self-imposed Strife: Work–Life Conflict, Gender, and Self-Employment", Keister, L.A. (Ed.) Entrepreneurship (Research in the Sociology of Work, Vol. 15), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 33-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-2833(05)15003-1

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited