Mental health medications are used to treat a broad range of symptoms that can be experienced by individuals with one of the autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs). The psychoactive medications are targeted toward the specific symptom rather than the disorder itself. The medications work either by enhancing or mimicking a natural process, and they either increase or decrease the activity in an area of the brain or affect a communication route within the brain.Many clinical trials have demonstrated the usefulness of mental health medications for altering the psychological and biological functioning of the individual treated. Medications work best in conjunction with and coordinated with psychological, educational, and social interventions designed to enhance the individual's functioning. No medication is without side effects, and an analysis of the potential benefits and risks of the use of a medication must be undertaken when medication to enhance an individual's functioning is considered.
Hoover, M. (2001), "The role of medication in the management of autistic spectrum disorders", Wahlberg, T., Obiakor, F., Burkhardt, S. and Rotatori, A.F. (Ed.) Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Educational and Clinical Interventions (Advances in Special Education, Vol. 14), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 255-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0270-4013(01)80016-7Download as .RIS
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