How can we understand the colonial state? Specifically, what explains variation in “native policy,” the cornerstone of colonial rule? This article examines the development of German colonialism in Southwest Africa (with respect to the Hereros, Witboois, and Rehoboth Basters), Samoa, and Qingdao, China. I emphasize five main determinants of policy: (1) precolonial ethnographic representations; (2) colonial officials' competitive jockeying with one another for cultural distinction; (3) colonial officials' psychic processes of imaginary identification with the colonized; (4) practices of collaboration and resistance by the colonized; and (5) the structure of the colonial state as a determinant of its own policies.
Steinmetz, G. (2002), "Precoloniality and colonial subjectivity: ethnographic discourse and native policy in German overseas imperialism, 1780s–1914", Davis, D. (Ed.) Political Power and Social Theory (Political Power and Social Theory, Vol. 15), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 135-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0198-8719(02)80024-2Download as .RIS
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