To read this content please select one of the options below:

The futures hedging effectiveness with liquidity risk under alternative settlement specifications

Research in Finance

ISBN: 978-0-7623-1377-8, eISBN: 978-1-84950-549-9

Publication date: 4 March 2008


A futures contract may rely upon physical delivery or cash settlement to liquidate open positions at the maturity date. Contract settlement specification has direct impacts on the behavior of the futures price, leading to different effects of liquidity risk on futures hedging. This chapter compares such effects under alternative settlement specifications with a simple analytical model of daily price change. Numerical simulation results demonstrate that capital constraint reduces hedging effectiveness and tends to produce a lower optimal hedge ratio. As the futures contract proceeds toward the maturity date, hedgers will take larger hedge position in order to achieve better hedging effectiveness. Finally, optimal hedge ratios are higher (resp. lower) under cash settlement for the bivariate normal (resp. lognormal) assumptions, whereas hedging effectiveness is almost always greater under cash settlement.


Lien, D. and Zhang, M. (2008), "The futures hedging effectiveness with liquidity risk under alternative settlement specifications", Chen, A.H. (Ed.) Research in Finance (Research in Finance, Vol. 24), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 301-320.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited