Samuel Huntington’s vision in the early 1990s of a “clash of civilizations” struck a chord to such an extent that his core theme was reignited after the attacks of September 11th. International migration seems to be viewed as an issue that signifies this so-called clash (Bade & Bommes, 1996). Migration, culture, ethnicity and conflict have become linked. The result is that conflicts arising from migration are more likely to be seen as an outcome of the multiplication of different cultures within one country. Germany, the U.K., the Netherlands and Switzerland have all been described as multicultural societies and advised to pay attention to this “fact.” This has been combined with the view that even if there was no road to multiculturalism without social conflicts, there was also no viable alternative to tolerance as a device for the interaction of cultures (Leggewie, 1990).
Bommes, M. (2003), "THE SHRINKING INCLUSIVE CAPACITY OF THE NATIONAL WELFARE STATE: INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE DEREGULATION OF IDENTITY FORMATION", Brochmann, G. (Ed.) Multicultural Challenge (Comparative Social Research, Vol. 22), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 43-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-6310(03)22002-0Download as .RIS
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