Getting ahead matters — particularly for women. The results indicate that women are less likely to be promoted. This gender gap in promotions — the magnitude of which depends on the measure of promotion considered — is explained by differences in the returns to characteristics. Had men and women in our sample faced the same promotion standard, promotion rates would have been higher for women than for men. Furthermore, the share of overall wage growth attributable to promotion is much larger for women than for men reflecting a bifurcation in outcomes between women who get ahead and women who get left behind. Eliminating gender differences in the determinants of and wage payoffs to promotion would contribute to a narrowing of the gender wage gap.
Cobb-Clark, D.A. (2001), "Getting ahead: The determinants of and payoffs to internal promotion for young U.S. men and women", Polachek, S. (Ed.) Worker Wellbeing in a Changing Labor Market (Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 20), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 339-372. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0147-9121(01)20048-X
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